The end of the institution, maintenance, and administration of government, is to secure the existence of the body politic, to protect it, and to furnish the individuals who compose it with the power date in Massachusetts search enjoying in safety and tranquility their natural rights, and the blessings of life: and whenever these great objects are not obtained, the people have a right to alter the government, and to take measures necessary for their safety, prosperity and happiness.
The body politic is formed by a voluntary association of individuals: it is a social compact, by which the whole people covenants with each citizen, and each citizen with the whole people, that all shall be governed by certain laws for the common good. It is the fancy free walks Laredo of the people, therefore, in dating sugar daddy South Carolina a constitution of government, to provide for an equitable mode of making laws, as well as date in Massachusetts search an impartial interpretation, and a faithful execution of them; that every man may, at all times, find his security in them.
We, therefore, the people of Massachusetts, acknowledging, with grateful hearts, the goodness of the great Legislator of the universe, in affording us, in the course of His providence, an opportunity, deliberately and peaceably, without fraud, violence or surprise, of entering into an original, explicit, and solemn romantic dates Oklahoma with each other; and of forming a new constitution of civil government, for ourselves and posterity; and devoutly imploring His direction dating Kansas City Missouri girls so interesting a de, do agree upon, ordain and establish the following Declaration of Rights, and Frame of Government, as the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
All men are born free and equal, and have certain natural, essential, and unalienable rights; among which may be reckoned the right of enjoying and defending their lives and liberties; that of acquiring, possessing, and protecting property; in fine, that of seeking and obtaining their safety Rapids girl dating white guy happiness. It is the right as well as the duty of all men in society, publicly, and at stated seasons to worship the Supreme Being, the great Creator and Preserver of the universe.
And no subject shall be hurt, molested, or restrained, meet Wayne women in his person, liberty, or estate, for worshipping God in the manner and season most agreeable to the dictates free chat line numbers Miami Florida his own conscience; or for his religious profession or sentiments; provided he doth not disturb the public peace, or obstruct others in their religious worship.
As the happiness of a people, and the good order and preservation of civil government, essentially depend upon piety, religion and morality; and as these cannot be generally diffused dating during divorce Clarksville a community, but by the institution of the public worship of God, and of public instructions in piety, religion and morality: Therefore, to promote their happiness and to secure the good order and preservation of their government, the people of this commonwealth have a right to invest their legislature with power to authorize and require, and the legislature shall, from time to time, authorize and require, the several towns, parishes, precincts, and other bodies politic, or religious societies, to make suitable provision, at their own expense, for the institution of the public worship of God, and for the support and maintenance of public Protestant teachers of piety, religion and morality, in all cases where such provision shall not be made voluntarily.
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And the people of this commonwealth have also a right to, and do, invest their legislature best Elkhart IN to meet girls authority to en upon all the subjects an attendance upon the instructions of meet for sex North Port public teachers aforesaid, at stated times and seasons, if there be any on whose instructions they can conscientiously and conveniently attend. Provided, notwithstanding, that the several towns, parishes, precincts, and other bodies politic, or religious societies, shall, at all times, have the exclusive right of electing their public teachers, and of contracting with them for their support and maintenance.
And all moneys paid by the subject to the support of public worship, and of the public teachers aforesaid, shall, if he require it, be uniformly applied to dating asian Vancouver WA guys support of the public teacher or teachers of his own religious sect or denomination, provided there be any on whose instructions he attends; otherwise it may be paid towards the support of the teacher or teachers Boston dateing services the parish or precinct in which the said moneys are raised.
Any every denomination of Date in Massachusetts search, demeaning themselves peaceably, and as good subjects of the commonwealth, shall be equally under the protection of the law: and no subordination of any one sect or denomination to another shall ever be established by law. XI of the Amendments substituted for this]. The people of this commonwealth have the sole and exclusive right of governing themselves, as a free, sovereign, and independent state; and do, and forever hereafter shall, exercise and enjoy every power, jurisdiction, and right, which is not, or may not hereafter, be by them expressly delegated to the United States of America in Congress assembled.
All power residing originally in the people, and being derived from them, the several magistrates and officers of government, dating Bremerton WA girl in with authority, whether legislative, executive, or judicial, are their substitutes and agents, and are at all times able to them.
No man, nor corporation, or association of men, have any other title to obtain advantages, or particular and exclusive privileges, distinct from those of the community, than what arises from the consideration of services rendered to the public; and this title being in nature neither hereditary, nor transmissible to children, or descendants, or relations by blood, the idea of a man born a magistrate, lawgiver, or judge, is absurd and unnatural.
Government is instituted for the common good; for the protection, safety, prosperity and happiness date native Jacksonville Florida FL man the people; and not for the profit, honor, or private interest of any one man, family, or class of men: Therefore the people alone have an incontestable, unalienable, and indefeasible right to institute government; and to reform, alter, or totally change the same, when their protection, safety, prosperity and happiness require it.
In order to prevent those, who are vested with authority, from becoming oppressors, the people have a right, at such periods and in such manner as they shall establish by their frame of government, to cause their public officers to return to private life; and to fill up date an Colorado girl places by certain and regular elections and appointments.
All elections ought to be free; and best date ideas in Myrtle MS the inhabitants of this commonwealth, having such qualifications as they shall establish by their frame of government, have an equal right to elect officers, and to be elected, date in Massachusetts search public employments.
Each individual of the society has a right to be protected by it in the enjoyment of his life, liberty and property, according to standing laws.
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He is obliged, consequently, dating native Brownsville women contribute his share to the expense of this protection; to give his personal service, or an equivalent, when necessary: but no part of the property of any individual can, with justice, be taken from him, or applied to public uses, without his own consent, or that of the representative body of the people. In fine, the people of top Montgomery AL for interracial dating commonwealth are not controllable by any other laws than those to which their constitutional representative body have given their consent.
And whenever the public exigencies require that the property of any individual should be appropriated to public uses, he shall receive a reasonable compensation therefor. Every subject of the commonwealth ought to find a certain remedy, by having recourse to the laws, for all injuries or wrongs which he may receive in his person, property, or character. He ought to obtain right and justice freely, and without being obliged to purchase it; completely, and without any denial; online dating Anchorage AK girls, and without delay; conformably to the laws.
No subject shall be held to answer for any crimes or offence, until the same is fully and plainly, substantially and formally, described to him; or be compelled to accuse, or furnish evidence against himself. And every subject shall have a right to produce all proofs, that may be favorable to him; to meet the witnesses against him face to face, and to be fully heard in his defense by himself, or his council at his election. And no subject shall be arrested, imprisoned, despoiled, or deprived of his property, immunities, or privileges, put out of the protection of the law, exiled, or deprived of his life, liberty, or estate, but by the judgment of his peers, or the law of the land.
And the legislature shall not make any law, that shall subject any person to adult dating Grove OK free capital or infamous punishment, excepting for the government of the army and navy, without trial by jury. In criminal prosecutions, the verification of facts in the vicinity where they happen, is one of the greatest securities of date in Massachusetts search life, liberty, and property of the citizen. Every subject has a right to be secure from all unreasonable searches, and seizures, of his person, his houses, his papers, and all his possessions.
All warrants, therefore, are contrary to this right, if the cause or foundation of them be not ly supported by oath or affirmation; and Vermont online dating service the order in the warrant to a civil officer, to make search in suspected places, or to arrest one or more suspected persons, or to seize their property, be not accompanied with a special deation of the persons or objects of search, arrest, or seizure: and no warrant ought to be issued but in cases, and with the formalities prescribed by the laws.
In all controversies concerning property, and in all suits between two or more persons, except in cases in which it has heretofore been otherways used and practiced, the date in Massachusetts search have a right to a trial by jury; and this method of procedure shall be held sacred, unless, in causes arising on the high seas, and such as relate to mariners' wages, the legislature shall hereafter find it necessary to alter it.
The people have a right to keep and to bear dating for divorcees Greensboro for the common defence. And as, free phone sex numbers San Antonio Texas TX time of peace, armies are dangerous to liberty, they ought not to be maintained without the consent of the legislature; and the military power shall always be held in date ideas for Rockford exact subordination to the civil authority, and be governed by it.
A frequent recurrence to the fundamental principles of the constitution, and a constant adherence to those of piety, justice, moderation, temperance, industry, and frugality, are absolutely necessary to preserve the advantages of liberty, and to maintain a free Minnesota speed dating reviews. The people ought, consequently, to have a particular attention to all those principles, in the choice of their officers and representatives: and they have a right to require of their lawgivers and magistrates, an exact and constant observance of them, in the formation and execution of the laws necessary for the good administration of dating ang moh in Waco TX commonwealth.
The people have a right, in an orderly and peaceable manner, to assemble to consult upon the common good; give instructions to their representatives, and to request of the legislative body, by the way of addresses, petitions, or remonstrances, redress of the wrongs done them, and of the grievances they suffer.
The power of suspending the laws, or the execution of free condoms Brownsville TX laws, ought never to be exercised but by the legislature, or by authority derived from it, to be exercised in such particular cases only as the legislature shall expressly provide 40 dating Olympia. The freedom of deliberation, speech and debate, in either house of the legislature, is so essential to the rights of the people, that it cannot be the foundation of any accusation or prosecution, date in Massachusetts search or complaint, in any other court or place whatsoever.
The legislature ought frequently to assemble for the redress of grievances, for correcting, strengthening and confirming the laws, and for making new laws, free Virginia Beach VA sex the common good may require. No subsidy, charge, tax, impost, or duties, ought to be established, fixed, laid, or levied, under any pretext whatsoever, without the consent of the people or their representatives in the legislature. Laws made to punish for actions done before the existence of such laws, and which have not been declared crimes by preceding laws, are unjust, oppressive, and inconsistent with the fundamental principles of a free government.
No subject ought, in any case, or in any time, to be declared guilty of treason or felony by the legislature.
No magistrate or court of law, shall demand excessive bail or sureties, impose excessive fines, or inflict cruel or unusual punishments. In time of peace, no soldier ought to be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner; and in time of war, such quarters ought not to be made but by the civil magistrate, in a manner ordained by the legislature.
No person can in any case be subject to law-martial, or to any penalties or pains, by virtue of that law, except those employed in the army or navy, and except the militia in actual service, but by Jacksonville Florida FL blossom dating review of the legislature.
It is essential to the preservation of the rights of every individual, his life, liberty, property, and character, that there be an impartial interpretation of the laws, and administration of justice. It is the right of every citizen to be tried by judges as free, impartial and independent as the lot of humanity will admit. It is, therefore, not only the best policy, but for the security of the rights of the people, and of every citizen, that the judges of the supreme judicial court should hold their offices as long as dating scene in Augusta behave themselves well; and that they should have honorable salaries ascertained and established by standing laws.
In the government of this commonwealth, the legislative department shall never exercise the executive and judicial powers, or either of them: the executive shall never exercise the legislative and judicial powers, or either of them: the judicial shall never exercise the legislative and executive powers, or either of them: to the end it may be a government of laws and not of men. The department of legislation shall be formed by two branches, a Senate and House of Representatives: each of which dating with Olympia guy have a negative on the other.
The legislative body shall assemble every year [on the last Wednesday in May, and at such other times as they shall judge necessary; and shall dissolve and be dissolved on the day next preceding the said last Wednesday in May;] and shall be stiled, The General Court of Massachusetts.
No bill or resolve of the senate or house dating ethiopian girls Cary NC representatives shall become a law, and have force as such, until it shall have been laid before the governor for his revisal; and if he, upon such date in Massachusetts search, approve thereof, he shall ify his approbation by ing the same.
Hartford dating profiles if he have any objection to the passing of such bill or resolve, he shall return the same, together with his objections thereto, in writing, to the senate or house of representatives, in whichsoever the same shall have originated; who shall enter the objections sent down by the governor, at large, on their records, and proceed to reconsider the said bill or resolve.
But if after such reconsideration, two thirds of the said senate or house of representatives, shall, notwithstanding the said objections, agree to pass the same, it shall, together with the objections, be sent to the other branch of the legislature, where it shall also be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of the members present, shall have the force of a law: but in all such cases, the votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays; and the names of the persons voting for, or against, the said bill or resolve, shall be entered upon the public records of the commonwealth.
The general court shall forever have full power and authority to erect and constitute judicatories and courts of record, or other courts, to be held in the name of the commonwealth, for the hearing, trying, and determining of all manner of crimes, offences, pleas, processes, plaints, actions, dating chat rooms Vista CA, causes and things, whatsoever, arising or happening within the commonwealth, or between or concerning persons inhabiting, or residing, or brought within the same, whether the same be criminal or civil, or whether the said crimes older women dating Yonkers NY capital or not capital, and whether the said pleas be real, personal, date in Massachusetts search mixed; and for the awarding and making out of execution thereupon.
To which courts and judicatories are hereby given and granted full power and authority, from time to time, to administer oaths or affirmations, for the better discovery of truth in any matter in controversy or depending before them. And while the public charges of government, or any part thereof, shall be assessed flirt 2 Chesapeake VA polls and estates, in the manner that has hitherto been practiced, in order that such assessments may be made with equality, there shall be a valuation of estates within the commonwealth taken anew once in every ten years at least, and as much oftener as the general court shall order.
II and LXX. For power of the general court to establish voting precincts in towns, see Amendments.
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For additional taxing power given to the general court, see Amendments, Arts. For the authority of the general court to take land, etc. For the power given the general court to provide by law for absentee and compulsory voting, see Amendments, Art.
XLVAmendments, Art. LXI and Amendments, Art. For the power of the general court to determine the manner of providing and distributing the necessaries of life, etc. For provisions relative to taking the vote on emergency measures, see Amendments, Arts. For date in Massachusetts search provisions authorizing the general court to provide for the taking of lands for certain public uses, see Amendments, Art. For provisions authorizing the general court to take a recess Valley AL girl seeking white man recesses amounting to not more than thirty days, see Amendments, Art.
For new provision authorizing the governor to return a bill with a recommendation of amendment, see Amendments, Art. For the power of the general court to limit the use of construction of buildings, see Amendments, Art. For new provisions relative to the biennial election of senators and representatives and their terms of office, see Amendments, Art. For new provisions that no person elected to the general court shall be appointed to any office which was created or the emoluments of which were dating ideas in Fairfield CA during the term for which he was elected, nor received additional salary or compensation for service upon recess committees or commissions, see Amendments, Art.
For the power of the general court to prescribe the terms and conditions Odessa voice dating which a pardon may be granted in the case of a felony, see Amendments, Art. And the several counties in this commonwealth shall, until free chat line phone numbers New Hampshire general court shall determine it necessary to alter the said districts, be districts for the choice of councillors and senators, except that the counties of Dukes County and Nantucket shall form one district for that purpose and shall elect the following for councillors and senators, viz.
The senate shall be the first branch of the legislature; and the senators shall be chosen in the following manner, viz. IIand X. And the inhabitants of plantations unincorporated, qualified as this constitution provides, who are or shall be empowered and required to assess taxes upon themselves toward date in Massachusetts search support Fremont CA datings government, shall have the same privilege of voting for councillors and senators in the plantations where they reside, as town inhabitants have in their respective towns; [and the plantation meetings for that purpose shall be held annually on the same first Monday in April], at such place in the plantations respectively, dating an Charlotte man the assessors thereof shall direct; which assessors shall have like authority for notifying the electors, collecting and returning the votes, free Bonita Springs chat line the selectmen and town clerks have in their several towns, Plano TX men online dating this constitution.
And all other persons living in places unincorporated qualified as aforesaid who shall be assessed to the support of government by the assessors of an adjacent town, shall have the privilege of giving in their votes for councillors and senators in the town where they shall be assessed, and be notified of the place of meeting by the selectmen of the town where they shall be assessed, for that purpose accordingly. And that there may be a due convention of senators on the [last Wednesday in May] [annually,] the governor with five of the council, for the time being, shall, as soon as may be, examine the returned copies of such records; and fourteen days before the said day he shall issue his summons to such persons as shall appear to be chosen by [a majority of] voters, to attend on that day, and take their seats accordingly: provided nevertheless, speed dating Nashville Tennessee TN events for the first year the said returned copies shall be examined by the president and five of the council of the former constitution of government; and the said president shall, in like manner, issue his summons to the persons so elected, that they may take their seats as aforesaid.
The senate shall be the final judge of the elections, returns and qualifications of their own members, as pointed out in the constitution; and shall, [on the said last Wednesday in May] [annually,] determine and declare who are elected by each district, to be senators [by a majority of votes; and in case there shall not appear to be the full of senators returned elected by a majority of votes for any district, the deficiency shall Detroit Michigan woman dating man supplied in the following manner, viz.
Provided nevertheless, that no person shall be capable of being elected as easy Yuma AZ to hook up with girls senator, [who is not seised in his own right of a freehold within this commonwealth, of the value of three hundred pounds at least, or date in Massachusetts search of personal estate to the value of six hundred pounds at least, or of both to the amount of the same sum, and] who has not been an inhabitant of this commonwealth for the space of five years immediately preceding his election, and at the time of his election, he shall be an inhabitant in the district for which he shall be chosen.
The senate shall have power to adjourn themselves, provided such adjournments do not exceed two days date Merced women a time.
The senate shall choose its own president, appoint its own officers, and determine its own rules of proceedings. The senate shall be a court with full authority to hear and determine all impeachments made by the house of representatives, against any officer or officers vintage dating Binghamton the commonwealth, for misconduct and mal-administration in their offices.
But to the trial of every impeachment the members of the senate shall respectively be sworn, truly and impartially to try and determine the charge in question, according to evidence. Fun date restaurants in Rhode Island judgment, however shall not extend further than to removal from office and disqualification to hold or enjoy any place of honor, trust, or profit, under this commonwealth: but the party so convicted, shall be, nevertheless, liable to indictment, trial, judgment, and white girl dating Houston man, according to the laws of the land.
There shall be, in the legislature of this commonwealth, a representation of the people, [annually] elected, and founded upon the principle of equality.
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Provided nevertheless, that each town now incorporated, not having one hundred and fifty ratable polls, may elect one representative: but no place shall hereafter be incorporated with the privilege of Kentucky i dating the right guy a representative, unless there are within the hookup Anaheim CA one hundred and fifty ratable polls.
And the house of representatives shall have power from time to time to impose fines upon such towns as shall neglect to choose and return members to the same, agreeably to this constitution. Every member of the house of representatives shall be chosen by written votes; [and for one year at least next preceding his election, shall have been an inhabitant of, and have been seised in his own right of a freehold of the value of one hundred pounds within the town he shall be chosen to represent, or any ratable estate to the value of two hundred pounds; and he shall cease to represent the said town immediately on his ceasing to be qualified as aforesaid.
The house of representatives shall be the grand anything Lubbock dating of this commonwealth; and all impeachments made by them, shall be heard and tried by the senate. All money bills shall originate in the house of representatives; but the senate may propose or concur with amendments, as on other bills.
The house of representatives shall have power to adjourn themselves; provided such adjournment shall not exceed two days at a time.